Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that treats the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the tissues that support the dental organs (gums, periodontal ligaments, bone, …).
Periodontal diseases are infections that cause damage to the tissues that line the teeth by accumulation of bacterial plaque and dental tartar.
What is gingivitis and periodontitis?
Is very important that everybody visit the dentist, at least, once a year for a check up and, if the Dr recommends it, a cleaning of the tartar and the bacterial plaque.
Your gums are like cushions for your teeth: they surround the teeth in the jaws and help to support them. Looking after your gums is just as important as looking after your teeth. Red and swollen gums that bleed when you brush them could be a sign of gum disease, also known as gingivitis.
It is usually caused by the accumulation of food debris that is trapped between the teeth. In these cases the bone does not suffer any type of affectation.
When gingivitis is left untreated it can develop further into a type of infection known as periodontitis or periodontal disease, which affects the entire area surrounding the tooth. A result of this could be losing your tooth so it’s vital to avoid.
To keep your mouth in tip-top shape we recommend you come in for regular hygiene appointments and dental check-ups.
How is periodontal disease treated?
There are differents ways to apply periodontal treatments, it is depends of complication of the disease.
To treat periodontal disease properly, we must start with a first visit in which the specialist will make a periodontogram.
The periodontogram consists of a detailed evaluation of each tooth to measure aspects such as inflammation, bleeding, recession, mobility and bone loss. The instrument we use for this technique is called a florida probe.
Furthermore, the specialist will take some X-Ray to have a correct treatment plan of the periodontal patient and for the subsequent maintenance.
The purpose of the register is to be able to make comparisons over time of how the patient’s hygiene and periodontal pockets evolve after treatment.
At Clínica Dental Herrera we make sure that the patient is knowledgeable about the correct technique of brushing and dental hygiene.